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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 136-141

Testicular tumor patients presented with scrotal violation-nonstandard surgical approach and its survival rate

1 Department of Urology, Hasan Sadikin Academic Medical Center, Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung, Indoneisa
2 Department of Anatomy Pathology, Hasan Sadikin Academic Medical Center, Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung, Indoneisa

Correspondence Address:
Sawkar Vijay Pramod
Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, West Java
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_100_22

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Purpose: This study aimed to determine survival rate and clinical characteristics of testicular tumor patients with a history of scrotal violation. Materials and Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort; we reviewed medical records from 2017 to 2021 with testicular tumors who had a history of scrotal violation. We evaluate clinical characteristics and survival up to 5 years. We used the KaplanMeier survival analysis and log-rank test. Results: There are 27 patients with testicular tumor who had a history of scrotal violation. Based on histopathological findings, the most common type was seminoma testis. While based on TNMS staging of the testicular tumor, the most common presentation is T2; Nx; Mx; and S3. Furthermore, based on the prognostic group for testicular tumor we found 5 patients with stage IB, 15 patients with stage IS, 2 patients with stage II, and 5 patients with stage III. Clinical manifestations of scrotal violation were residual tumor found in scrotal region in 2 patients, inguinal and abdominal region in 3 patients. Using the Kaplan-Meier survival curve, the 5-year survival rate was 44% from Statistical test in log-rank test, a significant result is obtained. Conclusion: Survival rate of testicular tumors who had a history of scrotal violation were lower and influenced by ECOG Performance Status Scale. Prognosis of a scrotal breach in the late stage may have a higher mortality rate. In contrast, there was a significant difference in outcome if the scrotal violation had been known at the early stages.

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