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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-34

Primary ureteroscopy for diagnosing and treating acute urolithiasis during the COVID-19 pandemic: Quality and cost benefits


1 Urology Department, Glangwili General Hospital, Wales
2 Urology Department, Medway Maritime Hospital, Kent, UK

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Mudassir Maqbool Wani
Urology Trainee, Glangwili Hospital, 9 St Christophers Quarter, Swansea, SA1 1UA
Wales
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_91_21

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the management of acute urolithiasis during index admission by primary ureteroscopy (P-URS) during coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. With the rise in prevalence of urolithiasis, the focus has shifted to manage patients presenting with acute ureteric colic during their first admission rather than using temporary measures such as emergency stenting (ES) or nephrostomies which are followed by deferred ureteroscopic procedures Deferred Ureteroscopy (D-URS). We compared the results of ES with P-URS procedures in terms of quality and cost benefits during COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: Data were collected prospectively from April 2020 to March 2021 for all emergency urolithiasis procedures performed including ES and P-URS. The quality assessment was based in relation to patient factors including the number of procedures per patient, number of days spent at hospital, number of days off work, and expertise of person operating. Cost analysis included theater expenses, hospital stay charges, and loss of working days. Results: This study revealed that the average stay of patients on index admission who had an ES was 1.35 days compared to 1.78 days in patients who underwent P-URS. Patients who had ES had to undergo D-URS and spent another average of 1.5 days in the hospital. Overall, additional expenditure in patients who did not undergo primary ureterorenoscopy was on an average in the range of £1800 (excluding loss of work for patients, who needed to return for multiple procedures). Conclusion: We conclude that the approach of P-URS and management of stones in index admission is very effective in both improving quality of patients (during the COVID-19 pandemic) and bringing down cost expenditure effectively.


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