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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-18

Effect of tadalafil on erectile function in patients after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy with unilateral or bilateral nerve sparing

1 Divisions of Urology, Department of Surgery, Tungs' Taichung Metroharbor Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
2 Department of Medical Research, Tungs' Taichung Metroharbor Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
3 Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
4 Division of Urology, Department of Surgery; Department of Medical Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Yen-Chuan Ou
No.1650 Taiwan Boulevard Section 4, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung 40705
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_74_18

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Objective: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a major complication of radical prostatectomy. Despite advances in surgical techniques, the postoperative continence and potency rates are still not satisfactory. Many studies have reported experiences with penile rehabilitation using tadalafil for patients receiving nerve-sparing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy, but similar reports are still lacking in Taiwan. Patients and Methods: We collected 163 patients that had undergone unilateral or bilateral nerve-sparing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy from January 2013 to December 2014 in Tungs' Hospital. One month after operation, 5 mg tadalafil once daily was prescribed for 54 patients whose Foley's catheter had been removed and who had ED. We recorded the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) score at the 12th month after surgery. We defined postsurgery IIEF-5 ≥22 as potency or no ED. We compared the differences in clinical parameters and postsurgery potency rates between patients with or without tadalafil treatment. Results: The postsurgery potency rates of those with tadalafil treatment were significantly higher than that of those without tadalafil treatment (55.6% vs. 32.1%) after a 1-year follow-up observation. The mean (standard deviation) of IIEF-5preamong those with and without tadalafil treatment was 21.3 (4.5) and 19.2 (4.2), respectively. There were no significant differences in baseline clinical condition parameters between patients with potency with or without tadalafil treatment. The results indicated that the tadalafil-treated patients had a higher odds ratio (OR) of potency (adjusted OR = 2.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.28–5.22) than the nontadalafil-treated patients. However, those ≥65 years old were associated with a lower potency rate (adjusted OR = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.89-0.99). Conclusion: Starting penile rehabilitation with tadalafil 5 mg daily 1 month after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy is safe for patients. Patients with mild-to-moderate ED should use tadalafil 5 mg daily after receiving nerve-sparing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy due to its significant benefit in erectile function recovery.

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